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FAQ and Resources

Preregistration is becoming increasingly common and valued in the social sciences. This page provides resources for researchers and teachers interested in learning more about preregistration.

Why preregister?

  1. Munafò, M. R., Nosek, B. A., Bishop, D. V. M., Button, K. S., Chambers, C. D., Percie, N., … Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2017). A manifesto for reproducible science. Human Nature Behavior, 1, 1–9. doi:10.1038/s41562-016-0021
  2. Nosek, B. A., Ebersole, C. R., DeHaven, A. C., & Mellor, D. T. (2018). The preregistration revolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesUSA, 115, 2600–2606. doi:10.1073/pnas.1708274114./
  3. Wagenmakers, E.-J., Wetzels, R., Borsboom, D., van der Maas, H. L. J., & Kievit, R. a. (2012). An agenda for purely confirmatory research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 627–633. doi:10.1177/1745691612463078

Where and how to preregister?

  1. As Predicted template: https://aspredicted.org/
  2. Step-by-step instructions for OSF template: https://osf.io/sgrk6/
  3. Open Science Framework template: https://osf.io/

What to preregister?

  1. Veldkamp, C. L. S., Bakker, M., Assen, M. A. L. M. van, Crompvoets, E. A. V., Ong, H. H., Nosek, B. A., … Wicherts, J. (2018). Ensuring the quality and specificity of preregistrations. PsyArXiv. doi:10.31234/osf.io/cdgyh
  2. Example preregistrations: https://osf.io/e6auq/wiki/Example%20Preregistrations/?view
  3. Preregister enough information, not too much: http://datacolada.org/64

Guaranteed publication via Registered Reports:

  1. Registered Reports: https://osf.io/rr/
  2. Registered Reports FAQ: https://osf.io/gha9f/
  3. Registered Reports checklist: https://osf.io/93znh/
  4. Examples of published Registered Reports: https://www.zotero.org/groups/479248/osf/items/collectionKey/KEJP68G9
  5. How are Registered Reports different from preregistrations? https://featuredcontent.psychonomic.org/arguments-for-preregistering-psychology-research/

Can I preregister analyses of existing data?

Weston, S. J., Ritchie, S. J., Rohrer, J. M., & Przybylski, A. K. (2018). Recommendations for increasing the transparency of analysis of existing data. doi:10.31234/osf.io/zmt3q

Do journals and funders reward preregistration?

  1. Overview of published preregistered papers: http://www.curatescience.org/
  2. TOP guidelines: https://cos.io/our-services/top-guidelines/
  3. Badges: https://cos.io/our-services/open-science-badges/

Can I still explore my data?

McIntosh, R. (2017). Exploratory reports: A new article type for Cortex. Cortex, 96, A1–A4. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2017.07.014

Some journals reward preregistered exploration:
Frankenhuis, W., & Nettle, D. (2018). Open science is liberating and can foster creativity. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13, 439–447. doi:10.1177/1745691618767878

What if I deviate from my preregistration?

  1. Examples of deviations: https://osf.io/db9af/
  2. No problem, just be transparent: https://cos.io/blog/preregistration-plan-not-prison/

Teaching preregistration?

  1. A BSI student’s experience with preregistration: Rusz, D., Bijleveld, E., & Kompier, M. (2018). Striving for solid science: Preregistration and direct replication in experimental psychology. SAGE Research Methods Cases. doi:10.4135/9781526439987.
  2. Open Science Training Handbook: https://open-science-training-handbook.gitbook.io/book/
  3. Examples of Registered Report assignments: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1lTS6AJ9Thyx3_DQhJKgNRFQau-jc6IJ5
  4. Example course syllabus: https://osf.io/wpxga/

Is preregistration without criticism?

https://featuredcontent.psychonomic.org/author/ivanrooij/
https://featuredcontent.psychonomic.org/complexity-of-science-v-psprereg/
https://featuredcontent.psychonomic.org/you-must-tug-that-thread-why-treating-preregistration-as-a-gold-standard-might-incentivize-poor-behavior/

Read more?

Crüwell, S., Doorn, J. van, Etz, A., Makel, M., Moshontz, H., Niebaum, J., … Schulte-Mecklenbeck, M. (2018). 8 easy steps to open science: An annotated reading list. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/cfzyx

For a more extensive reading list: https://osf.io/kgnva/wiki/Open%20Science%20Literature/