Zoek in de site...

Do discourse expectations immediately affect pronoun resolution during reading?


  • Dr Stefan Frank
  • Emiel van den Hoven (University of Potsdam)
  • Torgrim Solstad (University of Bielefeld)
  • Oliver Bott (University of Bielefeld)

Time frame

January 2021 – ongoing

Project description

Some interpersonal verbs, such as "amuse'' and "admire'', are associated with a strong bias in favour of either their subject or their object as the cause of the described event. For example, in "Mary amuses Sophie because she..." people expect the pronoun "she" to refer to Mary (the subject), whereas in "John admires Jack because he..." the pronoun seems to refer to the Jack (the object). Using self-paced reading and eye-tracking during reading, we investigate at which point during comprehension this bias plays a role. This project is a pre-registered replication of a study by Koornneef & Van Berkum (Journal of Memory and Language, 2006).


Eye-tracking during reading, self-paced reading, anaphora resolution, implicit causality


  • Centre for Language Studies, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • University of Bielefeld


Dr Stefan Frank, stefan.frank@ru.nl