Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour
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Theme 1: Language and Communication

Neurocognition of Bilingualism

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour

Very generally speaking, in my group, we investigate the neurocognition of bi- and multilingualism. Our most recent projects are, for instance, concerned with the role of episodic memory in second language learning and individual differences therein; and with how second language (L2) speakers process and learn (or don't learn) from the input they receive from their natural environment. We study these questions this by using behavioral and neurocognitive (e.g., event-related potentials in the EEG, or fMRI) methods. Other research interests include:

  • L2 attrition (forgetting)
  • Individual differences in L2 pronunciation ability
  • Language control and error monitoring in bilinguals
  • Language conflict in trilingual word production
  • Visual word recognition in bilinguals and trilinguals
  • The processing of morphologically complex words in first and second language speakers
  • LexTALE: a short but valid test of English (or Dutch or German) vocabulary size
Name: Dr. Kristin Lemhöfer
Telephone: 024-3612630
Visiting address: Donders Centre for Cognition
Thomas van Aquinostraat 4
6525 GD Nijmegen
The Netherlands
Postal address: Donders Centre for Cognition
P.O. Box 9104
6500 HE Nijmegen
The Netherlands
Key publications
  • de Vos, J.F., Schriefers, H., & Lemhöfer, K. (in press). Noticing vocabulary holes aids incidental second language word learning: An experimental study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
  • Lemhöfer, K., Huestegge, L., & Mulder, K. (2018). Another cup of TEE? The processing of second language near-cognates in first language reading. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 33, 968-991. doi:10.1080/23273798.2018.1433863
  • Zheng, X., Roelofs, A., & Lemhöfer, K. (2018). Language selection errors in switching: language priming or cognitive control? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 33(2), 139-147. doi:10.1080/23273798.2017.1363401
  • Bultena, S., Danielmeier, C., Bekkering, H., & Lemhöfer, K. (2017). Electrophysiological correlates of error monitoring and feedback processing in second language learning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11(29). doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00029
  • de Grauwe, S., Willems, R., Rueschemeyer, S.-A., Lemhöfer, K., & Schriefers, H. (2014). Embodied language in first and second language speakers: Neural correlates of processing motor verbs. Neuropsychologia, 56, 334-349. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.02.003
  • Lemhöfer, K., Schriefers, H., & Indefrey, P. (2014). Idiosyncratic grammars: Syntactic processing in second language comprehension uses subjective feature representations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(7), 1428–1444. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00609
  • Lemhöfer, K. & Broersma, M. (2012). Introducing LexTALE: A quick and valid Lexical Test for Advanced Learners of English. Behavior Research Methods, 44(2), 325-343. doi:10.3758/s13428-011-0146-0
  • Lemhöfer, K., Spalek, K., & Schriefers, H. (2008). Cross-language effects of grammatical gender in bilingual word recognition and production. Journal of Memory and Language, 59(3), 312-330.
  • Lemhöfer, K., Dijkstra, T., Schriefers, H., Baayen, R.H., Grainger, J., & Zwitserlood, P. (2008). Native language influences on word recognition in a second language: A mega-study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34(1), 12-31.
Key projects
  • Multiple routes to memory for a second language (ERC consolidator project, started 2022)
  • Error monitoring and control in language switching (PhD project of Xiaochen Zheng)
  • Forgetting a second language (L2 attrition; PhD project of Anne Mickan)
  • Determinants of second language pronunciation ability (PhD project of Monica Wagner)
  • Tracking second language acquisition through the wilds of natural language immersion: A cognitive-experimental approach (NWO vidi project). More information.
  • Learning from errors in a second language: The role of monitoring and error awareness (postdoc project of Sybrine Bultena)
  • Second language 'fossilization' and the processing of corrective input: A cognitive approach (NWO veni project)

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Theme 1:
Language and Communication


Research Group
Neurocognition of bilingualism

Principal Investigator
Dr. Kristin Lemhöfer

Group members

Sweekriti Puliyur Narayanan
Elena Markantonakis
Annika Brandt
Monica Wagner