A magnesium deficiency and diabetes: causes and potential health risks

Wednesday 12 April 2023, 12:30 pm
L.J. Oost MSc.
prof. dr. J.G.J. Hoenderop, prof. dr. C.J.J. Tack
dr. J.H.F. de Baaij

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body is not responding properly to the hormone insulin, and this leads to elevated glucose levels in your blood. A magnesium deficiency is often seen in people with type 2 diabetes. Possible causes of a magnesium deficiency are that there is more magnesium lost via the urine due to the insufficient action of insulin or that it is partially genetic. Consequences are that your glucose levels increase, and this worsens having type 2 diabetes. In the long term it is associated with developing vascular disease. The question remains if it is needed to provide magnesium supplements to all people with type 2 diabetes? This conclusion cannot be drawn yet. Additional research is therefore needed to assess if magnesium supplements have a positive impact. If so, annual checks can be performed to provide magnesium supplements when needed.

Lynette Oost (1994) obtained her bachelor’s degree Applied Sciences (cum laude) with a specialization in nutrition in 2016 at Fontys Hogescholen in Eindhoven. In 2018 she obtained her master’s degree Biomedical Sciences at the University of Maastricht. In the same year, she started her PhD at the department of Physiology at the Radboudumc. Currently, she is working as a Clinical Data Manager at SGS in Mechelen, Belgium.