BRC Colloquium poster
BRC Colloquium poster

How do infants learn?

Tuesday 2 July 2024, 2 pm - 3:30 pm
Neural oscillations shed light on infant attention & learning

Infants constantly integrate novel information into their developing semantic networks. The role of the theta rhythm in encoding and memory formation has been well established in animal models and human adults. Meanwhile, our understanding of neural oscillations in human infants is still very limited. Stefanie Höhl will first introduce rhythmic visual stimulation as a useful tool to study infant attention and learning and especially for tapping into the functional role of neural oscillations. She will present studies implicating the 4 Hz theta rhythm in infants’ processing of unexpected events. Results suggest that oscillatory activity in the theta band supports integration of novel information into existing concepts in infants. She will further present work on the role of theta oscillations for the formation of novel object representations. She applied multivariate pattern analyses on the EEG data of infants and adults viewing various images from different visual categories. Results show that theta band neural oscillations form the basis of visual category representations in infants, and that these representations are shifted to faster frequency bands in adults. Finally, she will present her ongoing longitudinal EEG research into the early mechanisms of dynamic attention. She tests whether early individual differences in selectively attending to task-relevant stimulus streams predict later cognitive outcomes. Together, these results speak to an integral role of the theta rhythm for attention and learning in the infant brain.

More info
Tuesday 2 July 2024, 2 pm - 3:30 pm
Prof. Stefanie Höhl
Online Zoom Meeting

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Meeting ID: 687 6088 4488
Passcode: 295648