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IMM colloquium Prof. Klaus von Klitzing, Nobel Prize for Physics in 1985 (Lecture)

Tuesday 24 May 2022Add to my calendar
from 16:00
Prof. Klaus von Klitzing (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research Stuttgart, Germany)
The new international system of units initiated by an experiment in high magnetic fields

On World Metrology Day 2019 (20.5.2019) all countries in the world changed the definitions for the following base units of the International System of Units (SI system): the kilogram, the ampere, the kelvin and the mole. In an historic vote on 16.11.2018, the General Conference on Weights and Measures, which represents 98% of the gross world product, decided this change unanimously. This decision means that all SI units will now be defined in terms of constants of nature. This change was optimized in such a way, that nearly nothing happened in our daily life but in the field of high precision measurements, some adjustments were necessary and more importantly, the new international system of units will be more stable.

The quantized Hall resistance (Nobel Prize 1985), discovered in a high magnetic field experiment on a silicon field effect transistor, played a crucial role for the realization of this new SI system since this quantum resistance can be used not only for high precision measurements of electrical standards but also for a new realization of a kilogram by comparing electrical and mechanical forces with the Kibble balance.

The talk summarizes the application of the quantum Hall effect in metrology with the focus on the replacement of the kilogram by a fixed value for the Planck constant.

dr. Steffen Wiedmann