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Seminar: "Towards physical principles of biological evolution” (Lecture)

Date
Wednesday 7 March 2018Add to my calendar
Time
from 15:30
Location
HG00.304
Speaker
dr. Eugene V. Koonin (senior Investigator at NCBI, NLM, NIH, Bethesda, USA)
Description


dr. Eugene KooninBiological systems reach organizational complexity that far exceeds the complexity of any known inanimate objects. Biological entities undoubtedly obey the laws of quantum physics and statistical mechanics. However, is modern physics sufficient to adequately describe, model and explain the evolution of biological complexity? Detailed parallels have been drawn between statistical thermodynamics and the population-genetic theory of biological evolution. Based on these parallels, it seems possible to outline new perspectives on biological innovation and major transitions in evolution, and to introduce a biological equivalent of thermodynamic potential that reflects the innovation propensity of an evolving population. Deep analogies have been suggested to also exist between the properties of biological entities and processes, and those of frustrated states in physics, such as glasses. Such systems are characterized by frustration whereby local state with minimal free energy conflict with the global minimum, resulting in “emergent phenomena”. I will extend such analogies by examining frustration-type phenomena, such as conflicts between different levels of selection, in biological evolution. These frustration effects appear to be major, if not principal, drivers of the evolution of biological complexity. We further address evolution in multidimensional fitness landscapes from the point of view of percolation theory and suggest that percolation at a level above the critical threshold dictates the tree-like evolution of complex organisms. Taken together, these multiple connections between fundamental processes in physics and biology imply that construction of a meaningful physical theory of biological evolution might not be a futile effort.

Contact
prof. Misha Katsnelson