Oversight on Frontex
The current European Border and Coastguard Regulation anchors the democratic accountability of Frontex. More broadly, Article 6 provides the general framework concerning the political accountability of the Agency to the Parliament and the Council. Their budgetary role makes the Agency also administratively accountable to them. These two types of accountability are obviously intertwined. The scandals about the complicity of Frontex in human rights violations in autumn 2020, however, exposed the weaknesses in the accountability system. In this blog, I will elaborate on this by presenting the rules governing democratic accountability, followed by an analysis of the lessons learned during the parliamentary inquiry on Frontex’ human rights-related performances, in the light of their obligations. I will conclude with ideas on how to strengthen democratic accountability, and how to expand it to the much-needed public accountability of Frontex.