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What is plagiarism?
Avoiding plagiarism
Citing sources


What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is copying information from another person's work without citing the source, with the intention to make it appear as one's own work.

Avoiding plagiarism

There are a number of methods to avoid plagiarism in texts. These include quote, paraphrasing and references.

  • Quote
    The word-for-word copying of someone else’s text. Quotation marks must be used when citing someone else’s exact words. Citing is required.
  • Paraphrasing
    Expressing another’s ideas or texts in your own words. Citing is required.
  • References
    Mentioning the ideas, methods or findings or others. Citing is required.

Citing sources

Citing sources is the best way to avoid plagiarism. The source of the material used is cited. This includes citing the author, title, source site and publisher. With online sources, it is crucial to also cite the name of the website and date of consultation.

  • Citation style
    The way in which the reference must be recorded is determined by the required reference style. Each field of research uses a particular citation style. Two examples of citation styles are the frequently used APA style of the American Psychological Association and the Leidraad voor juridische auteurs 2019 (Guide for authors of legal works) by publisher Kluwer.
  • Collecting references
    At Radboud University, the software for reference management EndNote is available to store references properly.
    Other software packages include Mendeley or Zotero. Both are free of charge. It is also possible to keep track of references with Microsoft Office Word.