Main learning goal:
You can explain what the acute and chronic effects of exercise are on respiration, circulation and skeletal muscle in health and disease. You are able to apply this knowledge in a clinical and research context.
You can use training principles to develop a training schedule for an athlete and a patient attending a clinical rehabilitation program.
- You can explain the general physiology and anatomy of the respiratory, circulatory and muscular system.
- You know how the function of the respiratory, circulatory and muscular system can be assessed.
- You are able to describe the effects of exercise on the respiratory system. Furthermore, you can explain how disorders of the respiratory system may limit exercise tolerance.
- You can describe the effects of exercise on cardiovascular structure and function in the general population, cardiovascular patients and athletes.
- You can explain what happens during acute exercise in skeletal muscle and how skeletal muscle adapts to chronic exercise.
- You can explain the benefits of exercise during and following cancer treatment and explain underlying mechanisms of action.
- You can perform and interpret a subset of often used exercise test in health and disease, such as the maximal exercise test, the Astrand test, and the steep ramp test.
- You can explain what training is and which training principles result in the adaptive changes induced by chronic exercise.
- You understand how and to what extent regular exercise improves the physical fitness of patients with cancer, pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases
Knowledge about exercise physiology is getting more and more important in clinical practice. Exercise tests are often used to diagnose patients and regular exercise has been proven to be vital in primary/secondary prevention and treatment of several diseases. In the Biomedical Sciences and Medicine curriculum there is limited attention for the physiological changes that occur in response to acute and chronic exercise. The relevance of this knowledge for medical sciences is only minimally addressed as well.
Therefore, the purpose of this minor is to focus on clinical exercise physiology by offering a 20 week program developed to gain all knowledge needed to apply the principles of exercise physiology in (medical) practice and in a scientific context.
The first part of the minor (week 1 - 10) starts with a recap of the general physiology followed by in-depth discussion of the respiratory, circulatory and muscular systems, which are the primary organ systems in exercise physiology. For each system you will learn the physiology at rest, in response to acute exercise, and of adaptations following long-term exercise exposure. The lectures, working groups and practical work meetings will be based on a combination of patient cases and observations in athletes.
The second part of the minor (week 11 – 20) will focus on practical application of your exercise physiology knowledge. For example, you will learn to perform and interpret exercise tests and use the outcomes of the test to diagnose abnormalities in patients. We will visit National Sports Centre Papendal to observe how scientific knowledge is implemented in (clinical) practice. You will also learn the principles of training physiology and apply this knowledge by developing a training program for an athlete or patient. Finally, you will also get acquainted with pre- peri- and post-treatment exercise programs in oncology and the cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation programs of the Radboudumc.
The minor is highly recommended for biomedical sciences students with interest in the field of human movement sciences, and/or medical students interested in physiology and in specializations using the clinical application of exercise testing (i.e. oncology, cardiology, lung disease, (neuro)muscular disorders, sports medicine, etc).
Physiology, exercise, circulation, respiration, skeletal muscle, training & conditioning.