MED-BMS41
Advanced models of human disease
Cursus informatieRooster
CursusMED-BMS41
Studiepunten (ECTS)3
CategorieMA (Master)
VoertaalEngels
Aangeboden doorRadboud Universiteit; Faculteit der Medische Wetenschappen; Biomedische wetenschappen;
Docenten
Examinator
dr. F.J. Arjona Madueño
Overige cursussen docent
Docent
dr. F.J. Arjona Madueño
Overige cursussen docent
Contactpersoon van de cursus
dr. F.J. Arjona Madueño
Overige cursussen docent
Docent
prof. dr. J.G.J. Hoenderop
Overige cursussen docent
Collegejaar2018
Periode
4  (26-11-2018 t/m 25-08-2019)
Aanvangsblok
4
Onderwijsvorm
voltijd
OpmerkingPeriode 4a, maandag en dinsdag
Inschrijven via OSIRISJa
Inschrijven voor bijvakkersJa
VoorinschrijvingJa
Voorinschrijving geopendvanaf 02-08-2018 t/m 29-10-2018
WachtlijstJa
PlaatsingsprocedureHandmatig door Administratie
ToelichtingHandmatig door Administratie
Cursusdoelen
After completion of the course, students are able to
  1. define the translational value of model organisms for the study of human disease 
  2. learn to select the appropriate model organism for research of a specific human disease, on the basis of physiological and genetic conservation with respect to humans
  3. identify, justify and discuss strengths and limitations of the different model organisms, strains, and methods for genetic manipulation 
  4. design an experiment to answer a particular research question regarding human disease
  5. analyze and interpret (disease) phenotypes
  6. distinguish which (analytical and behavioral) parameters can be measured in a particular model organism in the context of a specific human disease
Inhoud
Biomedical research depends on the use of organismal models to understand the pathogenesis of human disease at a cellular and molecular level and to provide systems for developing and testing new therapies. With the benefit of having control over variables and possible confounding factors, studies in model organisms can provide a more fundamental insight into underlying mechanisms of illnesses and treatments. Over the years, a huge diversity of organismal models for human disease have been developed. Among them, the most prominent models currently used are the mouse (Mus musculus), the zebrafish (Danio rerio), the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) and the roundworm (Caenorhabditis elegans).  
The aim of the course "Advanced models of human disease" is to learn more about the wide range of organisms that exist for studying different aspects of human disease: What type of models are available and which human disease can you study with them? How do you select the appropriate organismal model for your medical research? Which (genetic) tools are available for disease modeling in an organism? And how translational are organismal models? During the course, you will be introduced to models for e.g. renal disease, obesity, intellectual disability, cardiovascular disease, brain development or mitochondrial disease. You will acquire deep knowledge about the physiology of each model organism from a human disease angle. You will learn the current methods available to manipulate gene function in model organisms and induce human disease so that you can eventually select the appropriate methods for your scientific goals. You will know to distinguish morphological and analytical phenotypes that indicate a specific pathology. Furthermore, many scientists are unaware of the genotypic differences between strains within the same species. Since the genetic background can certainly influence the translational value of the model, you will learn not only to select the adequate organism to model a specific human disease but also you will be able to select the proper strain.
The course will give you in-depth knowledge and training in critical thinking through lectures and discussions of the background and principles of the model organisms. Lectures will include visualization of videos of e.g. heart failure, neurological dysfunction or renal failure. In addition, tours through the current facilities housing the model organisms and strains that you will study will be provided. The pitfalls and caveats of each organism to model human disease will be discussed so that you are able to carry out the best choice for your research. Furthermore, you will be trained to justify your choice of organism so that you can convince other scientists about the validity of your decisions.

Key words: Translational value, model organisms, human disease 
Niveau
master

Werkvormen
Contactonderwijs

Opmerking
Periode 4a, maandag en dinsdag

Toetsen
Written exam; open questions
Weging25
ToetsvormSchriftelijk tentamen
GelegenhedenBlok 4, Blok 4

Written exam; multiple choice
Weging50
ToetsvormTentamen
GelegenhedenBlok 4, Blok 4

Presentation
Weging25
ToetsvormPresentatie
GelegenhedenBlok 4, Blok 4