C. De Meulder (Constance)

Buitenpromovendus - Metafysica en filosofische antropologie

C. De Meulder (Constance)

The proposed research will examine Jacques Lacan’s and Jean-Paul Sartre’s early publications (1936-1949) in order to make a comparison between their subject theories. As many of the themes and concepts in the early writings of Sartre and Lacan are the same, our key objective will be to determine if their subject theories are as antagonistic as is often stated. Sartre is seen as an existentialist, Lacan as a structuralist. Both categories, however, are very difficult to define and are not adequate to determine the complex relationship between the thinkers. We will examine if the notion of the imaginary as a possible alternative category better captures the relationship between the early subject theories of Lacan and Sartre.

The original and innovative intention of our research is to link the philosophical frame of our research to psychoanalytic practice. We will examine how the subject is conceived and how this relates to the questions of authenticity, responsibility, truth, anxiety, desire and freedom. Our objective will be to examine the role the unconscious plays in the different subject theories. Sartre tried to establish a psychoanalysis without making an appeal to an unconscious by introducing the notion of bad faith. We will explore the difference between bad faith and the unconscious. We will study how philosophical thinking about consciousness has immediate consequences for a psychoanalysis conceived by Lacan and Sartre.