Seminar 18/19 Jan. Deprivation of Citizenship (Symposium)
- dinsdag 18 januari 2011 t/m woensdag 19 januari 2011Plaats in agenda
- vanaf 15:00
Deprivation of citizenship in the 21st Century
Deprivation of citizenship in the 21st century
ENACT/ Jean Monnet Programme
Nijmegen 18 & 19 January 2011
In 2010 the issue of deprivation of citizenship has made headlines in more than one EU Member State. The purpose of this workshop is to discuss recent developments regarding this topic in a selection of EU Member States (Netherlands, UK, France, Germany, Spain, and Romania) and link the changes operated at the national levels with the larger European and EU contexts.
The motivations of the state in seeking to divest itself of unwanted citizens are manifold and have changed over the past 100 years in Europe. In the immediate post WWII period, deprivation of citizenship was strongly associated with a failure of allegiance - the state doubted the sincerity of a citizen in his or her commitment to the objectives of the state. In the longer past, the penalty for betrayal of the state was exile, but with the abolition of the state's right to exile its citizens, statelessness became the alternative. However, deprivation of citizenship in Europe's recent past has also been an expression of ethnic cleansing. The longer history of this is well recounted by Arendt - the removal of citizenship from Jews in many parts of Europe thus rendering them non-human. However, in the context of state dissolution (eg the former Yugoslavia and the disintegration of the USSR) the refusal of citizenship/deprivation of citizenship has been a means of changing the ethnic composition of the polity and even the territory.
In the 21st century in Europe, deprivation of citizenship is taking on another aspect - it is the measure of whether the citizen is real or not. Less real citizens, ie immigrants who have acquired citizenship of the state remain at risk of losing that status because of their lack of commitment to the state. Citizenship in a sense has become a form of immigration status for some people, albeit a fairly secure immigration status. Deprivation of citizenship becomes a prelude to expulsion from the territory and polity. Most commonly this appears to be used as a response by European states to what they see as betrayal of the international community - terrorism. At the same time, deprivation of citizenship in the form of withdrawal of naturalization decisions has been quietly taking place under the guise of administrative law and attracting considerably less attention, except for the case of Mr. Rottmann which has pushed the issue on the agenda of the EU.
Deprivation of citizenship taps into a variety of narratives surrounding issues such as loyalty, allegiance, migration, terrorism or crime. The complexity and variety of scripts within which deprivation finds itself inscribed suggests the need to further explore and problematise its usage and consequences in the Europe of the 21st century.
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