Objectives and Research Questions

HoH seeks to:

  1. identify (trans)european similarities and differences in how heritages of famines have been taught, both in formal and informal education.
  2. investigate how present issues such as globalisation, commodification, violations of human rights, poverty, and migration intersect with heritages and memories of modern European famines and affect educational practices.
  3. determine which educational practices strengthen cross-cultural dialogues and foster an awareness of transcultural famine legacies, which, in turn, may stimulate understanding among communities.
  4. by way of intervention, explore and model effective ways of raising public consciousness of transnational European famine pasts through education. This will aid in the transcendence of national difference, and of reductive presentism and tensions rooted in troubled histories of hunger.

To read more about our objectives, click here (pdf, 117 kB).


Hildo Krop, Monument to the relief offered by IKK during the Dutch Hunger Winter
(Oosterkerk, Amsterdam, 1947)


Illustration to commemorate Finland’s ‘Hunger Years,’
Länsi-Savo (22 Dec. 1967)

HoH will answer the following questions:

  1. To what extent do past and present educational curricula and practices about modern European famines stimulate a sense of shared legacies?
  1. In what respects are these education practices socially inclusive?
  1. How are the troubled famine pasts reshaped and reimagined in educational practices developed by emigrant/diaspora communities?
  1. What methods and resources for teaching these famines hold future potential for the development of curricula, practices, and discourses that foster transcultural understanding and solidarity?
  1. What are the most effective practices of teaching transnational European famine heritages, with the aim of transcending (national) divisions?


The Ana Sculpture, monument to the victims of the 1931–1933
famine in Kazakhstan (Almaty, 2017)


Famine Faces a Million in Spain (London, 1937).