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Uitgelicht: Week van de Klassieken

Elk jaar rond maart/april is er een Week van de Klassieken, met vaak een actueel thema.

Dit jaar is het thema de inclusieve oudheid.
Hoe inclusief was de oudheid eigenlijk? Was er toen ook al racisme? Hoe werd er tegen homoseksualiteit en transgenders aangekeken? Hadden vrouwen evenveel rechten als de mannen?

In de Universiteitsbibliotheek staan veel publicaties waarin op deze en andere vragen ingegaan wordt. Het zal je niet verbazen dat het beeld dat daaruit naar voren komt niet zo zwart-wit is als je misschien op het eerste gezicht denkt!

Hier een korte inleiding door dr. Garrett Ryan:

Studying gender in classical antiquity. By Lin Foxhall.

This book investigates how varying practices of gender shaped people's lives and experiences across the societies of ancient Greece and Rome. Exploring how gender was linked with other socio-political characteristics such as wealth, status, age and life-stage, as well as with individual choices, in the very different world of classical antiquity is fascinating in its own right. But later perceptions of ancient literature and art have profoundly influenced the development of gendered ideologies and hierarchies in the West, and influenced the study of gender itself. Questioning how best to untangle and interpret difficult sources is a key aim. This book exploits a wide range of archaeological, material cultural, visual, spatial, demographic, epigraphical and literary evidence to consider households, families, life-cycles and the engendering of time, legal and political institutions, beliefs about bodies, sex and sexuality, gender and space, the economic implications of engendered practices, and gender in religion and magic.

DE71 - .F69 2013

The invention of racism in classical antiquity. By Benjamin Isaac.

There was racism in the ancient world, after all. This groundbreaking book refutes the common belief that the ancient Greeks and Romans harbored ethnic and cultural, but not racial, prejudice. It does so by comprehensively tracing the intellectual origins of racism back to classical antiquity. Benjamin Isaac's systematic analysis of ancient social prejudices and stereotypes reveals that some of those represent prototypes of racism--or proto-racism--which in turn inspired the early modern authors who developed the more familiar racist ideas.

DF135 - .I82 2004

Immigrant women in Athens: gender, ethnicity, and citizenship in the classical city. By Rebecca Futo Kennedy.

Many of the women whose names are known to history from Classical Athens were metics or immigrants, linked in the literature with assumptions of being "sexually exploitable.' Despite recent scholarship on women in Athens beyond notions of the "citizen wife' and the "common prostitute,' the scholarship on women, both citizen and foreign, is focused almost exclusively on women in the reproductive and sexual economy of the city. This book examines the position of metic women in Classical Athens, to understand the social and economic role of metic women in the city, beyond the sexual labor market.

HQ1134 - .K46 2014

Ancient worlds in film and television: gender and politics. Edited by Almut-Barbara Renger and Jon Solomon.

This volume reinvigorates the field of Classical Reception by investigating present-day culture, society, and politics, particularly gender, gender roles, and filmic constructions of masculinity and femininity which shape and are shaped by interacting economic, political, and ideological practices.


Black Athena: the Afroasiatic roots of classical civilization. By Martin Bernal.

What is classical about Classical civilization? In one of the most audacious works of scholarship ever civilization, he argues, has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. But these Afroasiatic influences have been systematically ignored, denied or suppressed since the eighteenth century chiefly for racist reasons.
Volume 1: The fabrication of ancient Greece, 1785-1985.
Volume 2: The archaeological and documentary evidence.
Volume 3: The linguistic evidence.

DF78 - .B398 1987

Black doves speak: Herodotus and the languages of Barbarians. By Rosaria Vignolo Munson.

In Greek thought, barbaroi are utterers of unintelligible or inarticulate sounds. What importance does the text of Herodotus's Histories attribute to language as a criterion of ethnic identity? The answer to this question illuminates the empirical foundations of Herodotus's pluralistic worldview. The first translator of cultures also translates, describes, and evaluates foreign speech to a degree unparalleled by other Greek ancient authors. For Herodotus, language is an area of interesting but surprisingly unproblematic difference, which he offers to his audience as a model for coming to terms in a neutral way with other, more emotionally charged, cultural differences.

D56.52.H45 - M86 2005

Romans, barbarians, and the transformation of the Roman world: cultural interaction and the creation of identity in late antiquity. Edited by Ralph W. Mathisen and Danuta Shanzer.

One of the most significant transformations of the Roman world in Late Antiquity was the integration of barbarian peoples into the social, cultural, religious, and political milieu of the Mediterranean world. The nature of these transformations was considered at the sixth biennial Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity Conference, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in March of 2005, and this volume presents an updated selection of the papers given on that occasion, complemented with a few others.

DG272 - .B47 2005

Social justice and the legitimacy of slavery: the role of philosophical asceticism from ancient Judaism to late antiquity. By Ilaria Ramelli.

Were slavery and social injustice leading to dire poverty in antiquity and late antiquity only regarded as normal, 'natural' (Aristotle), or at best something morally 'indifferent' (the Stoics), or, in the Christian milieu, a sad but inevitable consequence of the Fall, or even an expression of God's unquestionable will? Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery shows that there were also definitive condemnations of slavery and social injustice as iniquitous and even impious, and that these came especially from ascetics, both in Judaism and in Christianity, and occasionally also in Greco-Roman ('pagan') philosophy.


Greeks and barbarians. Edited by Thomas Harrison.

Greeks and Barbarians examines ancient Greek conceptions of the "other." The attitudes of Greeks to foreigners and there religions, and cultures, and politics reveals as much about the Greeks as it does the world they inhabited.

DF77 - .G7936 2002

Cultural identity in the Roman Empire. Edited by Ray Laurence and Joanne Berry.

This provocative and controversial volume examines the notions of ethnicity, citizenship and nationhood to determine what constituted cultural identity in the Roman empire. The contributors draw together the most recent research and use diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives from archaeology, classical studies and ancient history to challenge our basic assumptions of Romanization and how parts of Europe became incorporated into a Roman culture. Cultural Identity in the Roman Empire breaks new ground, negating the idea of a unified and easily defined Roman culture as over-simplistic. The contributors present the development of Roman cultural identity throughout the empire as a complex and two-way process, far removed from the previous dichotomy between the Roman invaders and the conquered Barbarians.

DG78 - .C845 1998

Women in ancient societies: an illusion of the night. Edited by Léonie J. Archer, Susan Fischler and Maria Wyke.

This book presents the results from recent research into women's lives and their representations in various ancient societies, its 14 papers deriving from the first three years of an ongoing seminar series held at Oxford University.


Homosexuality & civilization. By Louis Crompton.

The author explores the relationship between same-sex love and civilization, comparing attitudes in the Christian west to classical Greek, Roman, Arab, Chinese, and Japanese views on the subject as they were influenced by religious superstition, political intrigue, and basic human desires.

Soc.In 34999

Homosexuality in Greek myth. By Bernard Sergent, translated by Arthur Goldhammer, with a preface by Georges Dumézil.

Suggests that institutionalized homosexuality in ancient Greek society derived from initiatory rituals, looks at these rites among other early cultures.

BL795.H6 - S4713 1986

Homosexuality in Greece and Rome: a sourcebook of basic documents. Edited by Thomas K. Hubbard, translated by Diane J. Rayor ... et al.

The most important primary texts on homosexuality in ancient Greece and Rome are translated into modern, explicit English and collected together for the first time in this comprehensive sourcebook. Covering an extensive period - from the earliest Greek texts in the late seventh century b.c.e. to Greco-Roman texts of the third and fourth centuries c.e. - the volume includes well-known writings by Plato, Sappho, Aeschines, Catullus, and Juvenal, as well as less well known but highly relevant and intriguing texts such as graffiti, comic fragments, magical papyri, medical treatises, and selected artistic evidence.

HQ76.3.G8 - H66 2003

Prophets male and female: gender and prophecy in the Hebrew Bible, the Eastern Mediterranean, and the ancient Near East. Edited by Jonathan Stökl and Corrine L. Carvalho.

Because gender is an essential component of societies of all times and places, it is no surprise that every prophetic expression in the ancient social world was a gendered one. In this volume scholars of the biblical literature and of the ancient Mediterranean consider a wide array of prophetic phenomena. In addition to prophetic texts of the Hebrew Bible, the essays also look at prophecy in ancient Mesopotamia and early Christianity.

BS1198 - .P758 2013

Sappho's sweetbitter songs: configurations of female and male in ancient Greek lyric. By Lyn Hatherly Wilson.

The woman-made world described in Sappho's songs has been discussed and analysed for centuries. In Sappho's Sweetbitter Songs, late twentieth century theories of feminism, psychoanalysis and literary criticism are applied to Sappho's lyrics for the first time. The study recreates and examines a voice that sings of the dreams and interactions of women, tells of the bodies, rhythms and desires of the women of Sappho's circle. At the same time it offers an analysis of sexual difference, comparing the homoerotic lyrics of male poets of that era to those of Sappho.

PA4409 - .W54 1996

The captive woman's lament in Greek tragedy. By Casey Dué.

The laments of captive women found in extant Athenian tragedy constitute a fundamentally subversive aspect of Greek drama. In performances supported by and intended for the male citizens of Athens, the songs of the captive women at the Dionysia gave a voice to classes who otherwise would have been marginalized and silenced in Athenian society: women, foreigners, and the enslaved. The Captive Woman's Lament in Greek Tragedy addresses the possible meanings ancient audiences might have attached to these songs.

PA3136 - .D84 2006

Tales of the barbarians: ethnography and empire in the Roman West. By Greg Woolf.

Tales of the Barbarians traces the creation of new mythologies in the wake of Roman expansion westward to the Atlantic, and offers the first application of modern ethnographic theory to ancient material.

DG272 - .W66 2011

Naming the witch: magic, ideology, & strereotype in the ancient world. By Kimberly B. Stratton.

Kimberly B. Stratton investigates the cultural and ideological motivations behind early imaginings of the magician, the sorceress, and the witch in the ancient world. Accusations of magic could carry the death penalty or, at the very least, marginalize the person or group they targeted. But Stratton moves beyond the popular view of these accusations as mere slander. In her view, representations and accusations of sorcery mirror the complex struggle of ancient societies to define authority, legitimacy, and Otherness. Stratton argues that the concept magic first emerged as a discourse in ancient Athens where it operated part and parcel of the struggle to define Greek identity in opposition to the uncivilized barbarian following the Persian Wars.


Enemies of civilization: attitudes toward foreigners in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. By Mu-chou Poo.

Looks at how foreigners were regarded in three ancient civilizations, finding that cultural, not biophysical, differences were key in distinguishing ''us'' from ''them.''

DS71 - .P89 2005

Race: the history of an idea in the West. By Ivan Hannaford.

In Race: The History of an Idea in the West Ivan Hannaford guides readers through a dangerous engagement with an idea that so permeates Western thinking that we expect to find it, active or dormant, as an organizing principle in all societies. But, Hannaford shows, race is not a universal idea not even in the West. It is an idea with a definite pedigree, and Hannaford traces that confused pedigree from Hesiod to the Holocaust and beyond.

HT1507 - .H36 1996

TransAntiquity: cross-dressing and transgender dynamics in the ancient world. Edited by Domitilla Campanile, Filippo Carlà-Uhink, and Margherita Facella.

TransAntiquity explores transgender practices, in particular cross-dressing, and their literary and figurative representations in antiquity. It offers a ground-breaking study of cross-dressing, both the social practice and its conceptualization, and its interaction with normative prescriptions on gender and sexuality in the ancient Mediterranean world. Special attention is paid to the reactions of the societies of the time, the impact transgender practices had on individuals' symbolic and social capital, as well as the reactions of institutionalized power and the juridical systems.

HQ77.2.M53 - T73 2017

The crimes of Elagabalus: the life and legacy of Rome's decadent boy emperor. By Martijn Icks.

Elagabalus was one of the most notorious of Rome's 'bad emperors': a sexually-depraved and eccentric hedonist who in his short and riotous reign made unprecedented changes to Roman state religion and defied all taboos.

DG303 - .I325 2012

Exploring gender diversity in the ancient world. Edited by Allison Surtees and Jennifer Dyer.

Gender identity and expression in ancient cultures are questioned in these 15 essays in light of our new understandings of sex and gender. Using contemporary theory and methodologies this book opens up a new history of gender diversity from the ancient world to our own, encouraging us to reconsider those very understandings of sex and gender identity. New analyses of ancient Greek and Roman culture that reveal a history of gender diverse individuals that has not been recognised until recently. Taking an interdisciplinary approach these essays will appeal to classicists, ancient historians, archaeologists as well as those working in gender studies, transgender studies, LGBTQ+ studies, anthropology and women's studies.


Deze "Uitgelicht" is gemaakt in samenwerking met Monique Schoutsen (Collectiespecialist Letteren).

Zie ook:
Diversity, equity and inclusion bij Radboud Universiteit
Week van de Klassieken 2021

Reacties: expo@ubn.ru.nl